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When was 1st shia mourn on 10th muharram?

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1 When was 1st shia mourn on 10th muharram? on Thu Jan 14, 2010 2:56 pm

xman

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I want to know that, when shia (shiites) started mourning on 10th muharram?

Just after 10th muharram 61 AH or after some years or so?

I want answer from shia.. Bcoz I didn't find any closer date regarding the 1st practise of matam/mourn by shia..

Recently I was accessing british library, I found one in the section of "The Role of Ritual in Shi'ite Muslim Community" the first date which describes about the street mourning on 10th moharram was approx. 352 AH as described by historian Ibn al-Athir (d.632/1234) when reporting the events in Baghdad for the year 352/963, describes the occurrence of a public lamenting demonstration by men and women dressed in black garments who struck their faces...


Difference of approx. 290 islamic yrs!! Why?

So If anybody knows another date which is closest to 61 AH about shia's 1st mourn/matam, show it with the authentic reference..


"This custom was really introduced by Ma’az ad-Daulah ash-Shee’ee who on the 10th of Muharram in 352H ordered the people to close their shops, all trading to cease and that the people should grieve, everyone to wear black clothes, women to rip their clothes in public and walk the streets whilst lamenting and wailing

In 351H Ma’az ad-Daulah (Ahmad bin Bauiyyah Daylaamee) wrote the following on the door of the grand Masjid of Baghdaad, "May there be curse upon Mu’awiyyah bin Sufyaan, the evil ones of the garden of Fidak, the ones who stopped Hasan from being buried in the Prophets grave, the ones who exiled Abu Dharr and the ones who expelled Abbaas from the committee." (See Taareekh Ibn al-Aatheer (8/179).

Then in 18th Dhul-Hijjah Ma’az ad-Daulah announced to the people to make Eed and he named the Eed ‘Eed Khum Ghadeer’ and the drums were beaten and it was a joyous occasion. The reason why he kept the date of 18th Dhul-Hijjah was because it was the date of the martyrdom of Uthmaan . Nowadays the shee’ahs consider Eed Khum Ghadeer to be more virtuous then Eed ul-Adha.

Then in the beginning of 352H Ma’az ad-Daulah ash-Shee’ee ordered the people to close their shops’ all trading to cease and the people should grieve, everyone to wear black clothes, women to rip their clothes in public and walk the streets whilst lamenting and wailing. The shee’ah rejoiced at this is as it was a shee’ah government. (‘The Month of Muharram And The Present Day Muslims. (pg.18-20)

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